It is normal to lose 100 strands of hair every day – even doctors can attest to this. But we can’t avoid worrying when it comes to hair loss problems. People with hair disease are usually the ones who are worried.
Fungus, virus, or bacteria are the most common related scalp infections that lead to hair diseases.
One of the most common scalp infections that affect the hair is called the Tinea Capitis or ringworm. It is called ringworm, because it is a ring shaped patch that has red on the sides and the middle part is usually light in shade. This type of spot is inflamed and flaky. Blisters filled with pus or liquid may also be present.
A hair is often brittle and starts to fall out when a fungus spreads to the hair follicle. The most common cause of ringworm is called the Microsporum audouinii fungus.
Fungus which is commonly carried by pets is called Microsporum gypseum. Trichophyton tonsurans are found in the US and Latin American countries. Trichophyton schoenleinii is found in Southern Europe, Trichophyton meganinii in Africa and in the Middle East Trichophyton violaceum is found there.
If the fungus is mild this infection might just go away without any treatment. To defeat the chances of this infection recurring, the best way is to take prescribed medication by your physician. Griseofulvin or other anti fungal drugs like Itraconazole, Terbinafine and Fluconazole are some of the most common drugs that treat ringworms.
One of the major causes of hair loss around the globe is called the Scarring Alopecia or known as cicatricial alopecia. Both men and women from all age groups are affected by this condition. Their hair follicles are inflamed because of the infection.
This disease usually starts with small patches which eventually expand. In most cases this disease often goes unnoticed but sometimes there are instances that the patches itch, hurt or have a burning sensation. Its color is red which may be darker or lighter than the normal skin.
Doing a biopsy will determine the cause and the severity of scarring alopecia. Rapid treatment is needed to avoid irreversible damage to your hair follicle. Maintained and extensive treatments are required for people with this condition.
Alopecia Areata is diagnosed with a gentle tug on a lump of hair near the area where it is infected. A person with this condition loses hair in patches and of different sizes. The hair follicles are being attacked by the immune system which causes the patches. 0.1 to 0.2% of individuals have this case all over the globe. This disease is not contagious and most common in women.
There are a lot of types of alopecia areata like, areata totalis, universalis, alopecia areta, alopecia areata monocularis and alopecia areata multilocularis.
People with this condition often take medications like corticosteroids which can be applied or injected to the affected areas. Modern drugs like minoxidil or rogaine are used to treat this condition, plus it causes your hair to grow back.